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Books:Kids Books:Atlases, Almanacs and Reference:National Geographic Bee Ultimate Fact Book: Countries A to Z
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National Geographic Bee Ultimate Fact Book: Countries A to Z

Item #6300947
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In this easy-to-use book, kids will find all the facts they need to know to be a geography expert. Created by a National Geographic Bee winner, this is the perfect tool for kids to use to help them prepare for a competition, study for a test, or fill their hunger for learning facts and figures about the countries of the world. This book is also the perfect companion to the National Geographic Bee Official Study Guide. The National Geographic Ultimate Fact Book provides the building blocks to geographic knowledge and will change the way kids look at the world.


  • Ages 9-14
  • Softcover
  • 384 pages; 200 black-and-white photographs
  • 6" x 8 7/8"
  • © 2012

Author Info

Andrew Wojtanik was the 2004 winner of the National Geographic Bee and the 2005 winner of the National Geographic World Championship. He is currently a student of Georgetown University in Washington, D.C.

Book Excerpt



Country name: Republic of Ecuador

Continent: South America

Area: 109,483 sq mi / 283,560 sq km

Population: 14,666,000

Population Density: 134 people per sq mi / 52 people per sq km (most dense in South America)

Capital: Quito


Highest Point: Chimborazo 20,561 ft / 6,267 m

Lowest Point: Pacific Ocean 0 ft / 0 m (sea level)

Mountain ranges:

  • cover much of Ecuador
  • extend into Colombia and Peru

Peaks (minimum elevation of 8,000 ft / 2,400 m):

  • located in the Andes
  • highest point in Ecuador

Rain Forests:

  • located in eastern Ecuador
  • extends into Colombia and Peru
  • largest rain forest in the world


  • forms most of the western coast of Ecuador Gulfs
  • Gulf of Guayaquil
  • forms the southwestern coast of Ecuador


  • has its source in the Andes
  • extends into Peru Putumayo
  • forms part of the Ecuador-Colombia border
  • extends into Colombia


Independence: May 24, 1822 (from Spain)

Bordering Countries: Peru, Colombia (2)

Administrative Divisions: Azuay, Bolivar, Canar, Carchi, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, El Oro, Esmeraldas, Galapagos, Guayas, Imbabura, Loja, Los Rios, Manabi, Morona Santiago, Napo, Orellana, Pastaza, Pichincha, Santa Elena, Santo Domingo de los Tsachilas, Sucumbios, Tungurahua, Zamora-Chinchipe (24 provinces)

Ethnic/Racial Groups: mestizo, Amerindian, black

Religion: Christianity (Roman Catholic)

Languages: Spanish, Quechua

Currency: U.S. dollar

Current President: Rafael Correa Delgado

Cities (capital, largest, or with at least a million people):

  • located in western Ecuador
  • city in the Guayas province of Ecuador
  • most populated city in Ecuador (2,690,000 people)
  • chief port on the Gulf of Guayaquil
  • located in northern Ecuador
  • city in the Pichincha province of Ecuador
  • capital of Ecuador (1,801,000 people)
  • located in a valley in the Andes


Climate: tropical along the coasts and in the rain forest; cooler in the highlands

Natural Resources: petroleum, fish, timber, hydropower

Agricultural Products: bananas, coffee, cacao, rice, cattle major exports: petroleum, bananas, shrimp, coffee, cacao

Natural Hazards: earthquakes, landslides, volcanoes, floods, droughts